There are many places of interest in Yogyakarta which are not reached by public transportation, whereas it is a pity to pass up the enchantment. Rent a car becomes an ideal choice for the travelers who want to explore Yogyakarta / Jogja
Medium and small size buses are the main public transport in Yogyakarta.
There are two kind of bus: regular and patas. Patas buses, known as TransJogja operates from 6 am to 10 pm and stops only at designated shelters. Unlike regular buses, TransJogja is air-conditioned and generally safer. Tickets can be purchased directly at the shelters and cost for single trip is IDR 3000. Passengers may purchase regular trip cards which cuts per tip cost to IDR 2700, and allows transit to other shelter. There are six routes, and route maps can be downloaded here
Regular buses normally operates from 6 am to 5 pm, and some long routes extend their operation until 9 pm. Please never bring anything valuable on public buses, pickpockets in buses are now more common than ever before. Cost for single trip is IDR 2500 regardless of distance (within the city). Usually on a bus there will be one driver and one helper who will hang from the side of the bus and handle money and try to get passengers. The helper will usually tap you on the shoulder to indicate you should pay him. If there is no helper you can pay the driver directly. When you are ready to get off a bus, tell the driver or helper "Kiri," which means left.
Yogyakarta's taxis are metered and nowadays most taxi drivers are trustworthy. Flagfall is IDR 5,500 and most trips around the centre of town should not cost more than IDR 15,000. After dark the minimum fare for a taxi is IDR 10,000 even if the meter reads less that IDR 10,000. If by chance you find a taxi driver that you feel comfortable with and trustworthy, ask for his mobile phone number so that next time you need to travel you can his mobile directly and arrange your travel needs. Most taxi drivers will be more than happy to do this.
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- Left-hand drive
Traditional three-wheeled and pedal-powered cart, known as becak, which can be found in most part of Yogyakarta. Haggle furiously before getting into the becak. Be sure to determine whether the price is for a one-way or return (pulang) trip and if you want the driver to wait whilst you conduct your shopping or business. A ride from within the city to the Malioboro shopping precinct should not cost more than IDR 20,000.
Traditional horse-pulled carts, known as andong, or dokar, wait for tourists outside hotspots like the train station, the Kraton and Mal Malioboro. Haggle furiously. The traditional route is from Jalan Malioboro to Keraton, and this is where you'll find most andong. Usually, andong opt to take you to shop for fake Dagadu t-shirt in Ngasem area with hefty prices. Then, andong will take you back to your initial journey. The cost for one round trip for andong is IDR 20,000 (twenty thousand rupiahs). Usually they ask for IDR 30,000 but they may settle for less. Andong can accommodate up to 5 adult passengers.