Attraction No.4 Zhonghua Road, Dongcheng District, Beijing 100006, China Published on: 08-08-2016
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Why Zhongshan Park is special ?
Zhongshan Park is located to the west of Tian'AnMen Gate in the heart of the Inner City. It is the site of the former Altar of Land and Harvest (from 1421, emperor YongLe, Ming dynasty). The emperor would visit twice yearly - in the springtime to bring a good harvest and in the autumn for thanksgiving. Five different colours of earth are still kept at this altar, representing land from throughout the nation.
ZhongShan Park covers an area of 24 Hectares (60 acres) and is a grand example of classical Chinese landscape gardening. It is also famous for many old cypress trees, some of which are over 1,000 years old. The park also features a concert hall, a large pond, peonies (late spring and early summer), rock gardens, pavilions and colorful long corridors. At the north end, one can go boating on part of the Forbiddem City moat.
What to explore at Zhongshan Park?
The Altar of Gods of Sheji is a main building of the park. The altar is a three-layer square platform built by white marbles; on the alter surface are covered with the Five Colors Earth, tribute paid by regions all over the country. The five colors earth was yellow, green, red, white and black and was placed in five directions respectively the middle, east, south, west and north, which indicate that all the earth in the country belongs to the emperor. In the center of the platform stands a square column, signifying that the emperor’s reign would be everlasting just as the mountains and rivers. The emperor held the sacrifice ceremony every February and August.
In the north of the altar platform is the Zhongshan Hall. A white marble made statute of Sun Zhongshan is right inside the hall, 2.1 m high. An exhibition was held, displaying the copy of Sun Zhongshan’s manuscripts, clothes, books, seals, daily items and other his relative things.
There is a splendid sight in the dolmen. A locust tree was born in the cypress of its break in the trunk. The two trees combine into one and grow naturally in a manner like they hug with each other.
A concert hall is outstanding in the park both for its superior location and peculiar human environment. It was built in 1942 and now is an international level theater, an ideal place for playing and enjoying classic music.
Beijing Zhongshan Park is prepared to declare the World Cultural Heritage and is the first choice among the 35 Zhongshan parks in China.
How to get to Zhongshan Park?
Bus: Take No.4, 5, 10, 22, 37, 52, 726, 802, 特1 and get off at Zhongshan gongyuan(Zhongshan park) station. Come to the north side of the road, walk eastwards for 5min and arrive at the south door of Zhongshan Park.
Subway: Take Subway Line 1, get off at Tiananmen West station; take exit B, walk eastwards for 5 min and arrive at the south door of Zhongshan Park.
- Place for escape bustle of city
- A peaceful oasis amid the madness.
- Relaxing and beautiful
- A wonderful oasis in central Beijing
- Lots of plants and old trees
No.4 Zhonghua Road, Dongcheng District, Beijing 100006, China
Tips for you
A nice place to kill a bit of time, very cold in winter with lots of frozen lakes and waterways, very different to December in Australia
Compared to the Forbidden City itself - Zhongshan park is not crowded at all. We had a nice walk there, lots of pictures, flower statues. This was the Emperor Garden back then.. The trees are very old. There are some historic halls there as well. All in all, quite a pleasant day. Try to wear comfy shoes. My feet were in pain after walking.
Zhongshan park is one of my favourite par in Beijing. Main gate locate just west from Forbidden city main gate. Park is relatively big and have some nice ponds, hills etc. There you can always find quiet corner, sit down and relax. I truly recommend that place.
If your looking for some peace and quiet, here is one beaufitul park to stroll through. My admission fee was 10¥. Easy to find, it's right next to the Forbidden City. If you have the time and day to visit, I would recommend it. You can also go across the street to check out Tiananmen Sq. and if you get up early enough, you can visit The Maos museum all in one day. There wasn't as much flowers as I had expected but overall worth the money spent.