Remote Jl. Raya Labuan KM.10 Carita Beach | Jl. Raya Labuan KM.10 Carita Beach, 42264, Indonesia Published on: 13-11-2015
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Why Ujung Kulon National Park is special ?
Ujung Kulon is best known as the last refuge of the one-horned Javan rhinoceros, one of the globe’s most critically endangered mammals – there are only thought to be around 40 or 50 remaining, all right here. Until recently another extremely isolated group lived in Vietnam, but the last of these was shot by poachers in 2010.
Numbers are thought to be stable, and the rhinos are breeding: in 2011 evidence of at least five babies was confirmed. However rhinos are an extremely rare sight and you are far more likely to come across banteng (wild cattle), wild pigs, otters, deer, squirrels, leaf monkeys, gibbons and big monitor lizards. Panthers also live in the forest and pythons and crocodiles in the river estuaries. Green turtles nest in some of the bays and the birdlife is excellent.
The national park also includes the nearby island of Panaitan (where Captain James Cook anchored HMS Endeavour in 1771) and the smaller offshore islands of Peucang and Handeuleum. Much of the peninsula is dense lowland rainforest and a mixture of scrub, grassy plains, swamps, pandanus palms and long stretches of sandy beach on the west and south coasts.
Most people visit Ujung Kulon on a tour, but it's also perfectly feasible to make your own way to Tamanjaya village and explore the park from there.
What to explore at Ujung Kulon National Park?
With scarecy any human interference, the national park has a very well preserved ecosystem of flora and fauna. Its most precious feature is the one-horned rhinoceros (rhinoceros sundaicus) or more commonly known as the Javan Rhino which is regarded as the icon of not only the national park but also of the province. This majestic creature is known as one of the rarest mammals on earth and is classified as critically endangered in the IUCN (International Union for the Conservation of Nature) Red List of Threatened Species.
The Javan Rhinos are known as the largest animals on Java and the second largest animals in Indonesia after the Asian Elephant. The body length of the Javan rhino (including its head) can be up to 2 to 4 m (6.6 to 13.1 ft), and it can reach a height of 1.4–1.7 m (4.6–5.8 ft). Adults are variously reported to weigh between 900 and 2,300 kg (2,000 and 5,100 lb). Distinctively, the Javan rhino has a single horn (the other extant species have two horns). Its horn is the smallest of all extant rhinos, usually less than 20 cm (7.9 inches) with the longest recorded being only 27 cm (10.5 in). Only males have horns. Female Sunda rhinos are the only extant rhinos that remain hornless into adulthood, though they may develop a tiny bump of an inch or two in height.
This extraordinary creature is extremely rare and barely makes its appearance noticeable. Some of the locals even regard the Javan rhino as more than a mere animal but almost like a near sacred ancient creature.
Aside from the Javan Rhino, Ujung Kulon National Park is also home to many other special wildlife such as the Owa Jawa monkeys (Hylobates moloch), Surili (Presbytis aigula), dhole/wild dog (Cuon alpinus javanicus), Banteng Bull (Bos javanicus), Silvery gibbon (Hylobates moloch), Javan lutung (Trachypithecus auratus), long-tailed macaque (Macaca fascicularis), Javan leopard (Panthera pardus melas), Java mouse-deer/kancil (Tragulus javanicus), Rusa deer(Rusa timorensis) , and more. There are also over 72 species of reptiles and amphibians, and 240 species of birds that make Ujung Kulon their home.
The Ujung Kulon National Park is one of only few areas which feature vegetation profiles from sea-coastal to tropical mountains. There are over 700 types of flora within the national park, of which 57 are classified as rare in Java and quite possibly the world. Among some of the flora that are known to grow solely in the area include the Batryohora geniculata, Cleidion spiciflorum, Heritiera percoriacea, andKnema globularia.
How to get to Ujung Kulon National Park?
There are two ways to enter Ujung Kulon National Park: By chartered boats from Carita Beach and overland by car via Labuan to Tamanjaya or Sumur. If you take the sea route, It is approximately2-3 hours boat ride from Carita Beach to Peucang Island where the accommodation and national park representative office are situated.
If you take the overland route, fromJakarta you can head out to Serang, the capital of Banten via the Toll road for about 2 hours’ drive. From Serang, you continue westward to Labuan, in Pandeglang Regency for roughly about 2 hours. The little town of Labuan is where the main office of the Ujung Kulon National Park is located (at Jl. Perintis Kemerdekaan No.51 ). From Labuan, the road continues to Panimbang, Sumur , and Tamanjaya for a little over another 2 hours. Some of the road may be narrow and are not in good condition, so drivers must be prepared and. Remain watchful.
The Office of Ujung Kuln National Park area II Handeleum and Tamanjaya provide the entrance tickets, insurance, and general information about the National Park. The office is located in the Tamanjaya Village near the dock of Tamanjaya. All requirements for tourist activities such as boat rentals, local guides, porters and more, can be arranged at the office
- “Back to nature at Ujung Kulon”
- “Pristine Scenery and Excellent Wildlife”
- “Fantastic National Park”
- “Nature and Wildlife in the West of Java”
- “Great experience from Taman Jaya”
Jl. Raya Labuan KM.10 Carita Beach | Jl. Raya Labuan KM.10 Carita Beach, 42264, Indonesia
Tips for you
There are a number of alternatives where you can stay in the Ujung Kulon National Park. In Sumur area there are some basic accommodations at the Sarag Badak, PKP-RI, and Rhino Inn. At Tamanjaya, there is the Sundajaya Homestay, and Prima Homestay which offer 6 bedrooms and shared bathrooms. The homeststays are located along the road to Tamanjaya Dock and The Office of Ujung Kulon National PaService
December and january are not the best time to go to Ujung Kulon. Big wave, unless u're expecting it! I was terrified, hahaha. Ujung Kulon is like back to basic, no electricity, limited water. But Peucang island offers a better accommodation compared to that in Handeulum island. I love the pristine water, the forest, the deers running around in peucang island. worth visit, pretty much:p
hello, it was great when I have a chance to give you some review about this beautiful island near the ujung kulon land, banten, java island.I would like to share those people who wants to get the peucang island journey,it was my experience to traveling with my friend used an excelent services from indonesia fun trip specialist, called ngetripmulu, you can find them on instagram with ig ngetripmulu,there is some simple low cost trip package for you, they will show you how much you have to paid about your trip, they only take a profit from management fee and guide fee, so you can arrange the trip by your self, offcourse it depends on your need,
If you plan to get here would better to stay at least 2 night, how to get here from my experience was around 7 hours drive from rest area KM43 Tol. Jakarta-Merak.Some road was under construction and I hope they had been finish the work.The beach is clean and the wave is very friendly, where you can get a better sunset spot, and lucky if the sky is clear you will get a clear view of Milkyway.When you are planning to swim, would better if your swim cloth is covering the body, be careful of Jellyfish.
My wife and I recently completed a 4D/3N tour to Krakatau and Ujung Kulon national parks. The trip was arranged through Iman from Ujung Kulon Ecotourism and all aspects of it were professionally organised.