|1 hours 30 mins|
|08:00 AM - 05:00 PM|
Temple & Monument
Ananda Temple is good for
- Highly recommended by fellow travellers.
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Why Ananda Temple is special ?
Ananda Temple is located in Bagan, Myanmar is a Buddhist temple built in 1105 AD during the reign (1084–1113) of King Kyanzittha of the Pagan Dynasty. It is one of four surviving temples in Bagan. The temple layout is in a cruciform with several terraces leading to a small pagoda at the top covered by an umbrella known as hti, which is the name of the umbrella or top ornament found in almost all pagodas in Myanmar. The Buddhist temple houses four standing Buddhas, each one facing the cardinal direction of East, North, West and South. The temple is said to be an architectural wonder in a fusion of Mon and adopted Indian style of architecture. The impressive temple has also been titled the "Westminster Abbey of Burma". The temple has close similarity to the Pathothamya temple of the 10th–11th century, and is also known as “veritable museum of stones”.
What to explore at Ananda Temple?
There are four entrance to the Pagoda. On each side, facing outward from the centre of the cube, there are four standing Buddhas represent the four Buddhas who have attained nibbana. Each standing Buddha Image has a height of approximately 9.5-metre and covered with gold.
Only the Bagan-style images facing north and south are original; both display the dhammacakka mudra, a hand position symbolising the Buddha's first sermon. Theses two original images have great architectural inspirations. The other two images are replacements for figures destroyed by fires. All four have bodies of solid teak, though guides may claim the southern image is made of a bronze alloy. Both arms hang at the image's sides with hands outstretched, a mudra unknown to traditional Buddhist sculpture outside this temple. The west-facing Buddha features the abhaya mudra with the hands outstretched in the gesture of 'no fear'.
In the western sanctum, there are two life-size lacquer statues said to represent King Kyanzittha and Shin Arahan, at the feet of the standing Buddha. Shin Arahan was the first monk who initiated the king of Bagan into Theravada Buddhism.
How to get to Ananda Temple?
Ananda Temple is located on the left side of the southern stretch of the Bagan-Nyaung Oo Rd. just before the road heads to Tharaba Gate of Old Bagan. Taxi is available at Nyaung U Airport, which you have to bargain to reach the place.
- All kinds of Myanmar arts
- Masterpiece of the Mon architecture
- Giant Buddha Images inside
- The Crown Jewel of Bagan
- Unique Stone Sculpture
Ananda Temple, Nyaung-U, Burma
Tips for you
Ananda Phaya is one of the most beatiful temples of Bagan, which is still in worship, so while you visit it you fuse with the pilgrims that come to pray in front of the 4 huge golden statues of Buddha that are in the four cardianal points of the temple. The statues are made of wood. Nowadays the temple is immersed in a process of restoration, so the outside part of the building is hidden by a scaffolding of bamboo sticks. What is also very astonishing is the presence of the souvenir shops and book sellers that are in the main north entrance, that is surprising for a sacred place, but they are very friendly and doesn't bother you a lot. During the lunar new year (normally in december or jauary) the Ananda Patho party is celebrated in the courtyard in front of the temple during two weeks. Many people come from the surroundings to participate in the most important festival of Bagan. When we were there we saw the preparations.
Ananda Pagoda is estimated to be a monument of the early 12th Century. It is one of the finest, largest, best preserved and most revered of the Bagan Pagodas.